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Stages of formation of socionics

Historical help

Socionics was born on scientific materials of the famous psychologists of the -th century S.Freud and C.Jung who established that people differ in definite mental qualities which are legiblly observed in life, and they can precisely be assorted. So the typology of C.Jung has appeared. Why are there psychological types of the people? What regularities are caused to their existence? The Lithuanian scolar ushra ugustinavichute has found the answers on these questions. She has elaborated the structure of mentality of the person on the basis of structuring of S.Freud.

C.Jung in his investigations has advanced ideas of S.Freud and has given the concept of "a mental function", has elaborated the theory of psychological types, the basis of which was a dependence of thinking and behavior from the structure of human mentality. Aushra Augustinavichute has improved typology created by Jung, having used the theory of an information metabolism of .Kempinsky, and has put a beginning of a new science socionics, in a ground by which one the dual human nature and existence of 16 personality types of information metabolism lays.

In America, independently of investigations of A.ugustinavichute two women Katarina Briggs and Izabel Briggs Mayers in 30-s years, on the basis of classification of Jung and own observations have revealed 16 types of the people and their personal pecularities. They have elaborated the " Indicator of Types Mayers-Briggs", which now is widely used as the psychological instrument for personality type definition. The characteristics of each of 16 types completely coincide the characteristics which has described by A.ugustinavichute.

.ugustinavichute as distinct from Mayers-Briggs has elaborated the model of mental structure of each personality type, which demonstrates a constitution of intellect, feature of thinking, helps to reveal the basic traits of the personality of the definite socionic personality type. Due to this pattern it is possible to understand and to forecast motives of behavior of the person. And in addition she has elaborated the theory of interpersonal relations which explains these or those relations between people, which helps to understand regularities of information exchange. These discoveries explain structure of mentality and gear of its activity, interplays between the people in the socion.

 

 

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