Science for the Benefit of People
Education is a granting already known knowledge, but the
science is an opening the new ones. Being engaged in a science, we open natural
laws, we collect and we systematize knowledge of laws of development of a
nature, a society, each separate person, his thinking and ways of influence on
world around. Thus, working on progress, the science should help us to create
our achievements instead of to destroy them. Having no knowledge, practical
skills or life experience, it is possible to get in different unusual situations
which results in the extremely unpleasant consequences. And then they say: “It
will be your experience”. First, it occurs to those who does not know itself;
second, if act at random, doing something, not knowing what to do and how to do
it. In order to prevent this, it do not neglect the knowledge. Especially
socionics, as a science which has opened laws of mentality of the person.
The mentality of the person was not studied so fruitfully as
at the end of XX century - the sight of a science was inverted basically to a
material world. Only isolated esoterical currents, philosophical and religious
directions tried to learn essence of the person. There are many sights and
theories, but it is only socionics which proves now practical effectiveness of
the theoretical knowledge. It develops as well as other sciences. For example,
the Scientific Enlightenment Institute “Socionics Technologies” has in its arsenal
some fundamental scientific inventions and technological investigations which
practically confirm their effectiveness. There are: the theory of a belonging of
the certain type of temperament to the certain socionic type, emotions and an
emotional condition according to type of temperament, peculiarities of thinking,
language, imagination, memory, development and becoming of the personality due
to socionic type, the law of dependence of socionic type of a child on
socioninic types of his parents, the law of an orientation of realization of
mental qualities, the law of a mental balance, the law of the socion
organization in a society. Observation and the analysis of actions of natural
relationships on mentality of the person have resulted in revealing the reasons
why people get in these or those relationships and what mental distortions occur
in them under action of relationships. On the basis of it there is maid the
categorical conclusion: the family should be only the dual one.
The main thing in socionics is the definition of socionic
personality type. Only in case of 100-percentage correctness of definition of
personality types use of laws of socionics will bring practical benefit.
Unfortunately, there are enough theoretical investigations in socionics, but
there is no the uniform technology of definition of personality types. Each
expert uses own methods, as a rule, on the basis of dialogue, but any of them do
not give a guarantee of 100-percentage correctness. There was made even the
offer to consider that the definition is correct if there are 70 % - 80 % of
hit. But it is inadmissible.
- The complex technology of definition of personality type in Scientific
Enlightenment Institute “Socionics Technologies” includes:
- 1. Audiovisual diagnostics which allows to determine
personality type by the phone, on appearance and movements.
- 2. The analysis of the use of lexicon at easy short
- 3. Physiognomy. For accuracy of definition the scrupulous
analysis of photos at studying all details of features and expressions of eyes
- 4. Feedback. The description of characteristic qualities of
the person for confirmation of correctness of definition of personality type.
There were no cases of erroneous definition of personality
types for 10 years of practical activities. We offer experts-socionics to improve
the skills of definition of personality type, taking a short course on
definition of personality types or to join to work of our Institute and to improve
own skills during cooperation, to get the real professionalism. The society
demands socionic services. But middle-aged people are so cracked by present
problems and disappointed with opportunities to learn the person and to help him
because of charlatanism of extrasenses, guessings, an astrology and esoterics,
that do not trust opportunities of socionics. They, unfortunately, have
inertness of thinking, are dependent on existing norms and public stereotypes.
Therefore socionics can enter a society if to work on prospect - to help
children and youth.
We offer to unite efforts of physicians and genetics to find
other ways of more simple definition of personality types when it is possible to
allocate mental typical features through physiological parameters. Then
definition of personality types becomes more accessible, but now our technology
As socionics opens completely essence of the person, its laws
should be taken into account in researches of other sciences about the person.
We invite those scientists who are not indifferent to true knowledge and
experience for development of sciences about the person, to discussions, a
constructive exchange of ideas to approach in cooperation theoretical searches
to real practical application for granting the effective help to people.
Problems of sciences about the person
Not belittling achievements of all sciences which study
persons, it is necessary to note, that at the big volume of observations and the
saved up theoretical knowledge, philosophy, displaying ways of search of true,
it is torn off the validity, and the psychology and sociology are considered by
experts a theoretical dump. These sciences are a huge conglomerate of theories
and techniques which explain much, but do not work. They do not own universal
knowledge, have no that tool which would unit in a single whole knowledge of the
person and a society. In conditions of pluralism a frustrated condition has
arisen among theorists of sciences about the person. Scientists try to
synthesize theories, to unit them, to deduce precise system, laws which could
explain all phenomena of public life. But it is impossible to do it: each theory
describes a particle in public processes, and becomes effectless for an
explanation of other public phenomenon, and does not work in practice. Why?
Because it is necessary to begin not from the end, but from the beginning, from
sources - not from the public phenomena, as superstructures and consequences but
from a basis of bases - activity of mentality of each person - the participant
of public processes. You see the mentality is incorporated by a nature and
operates according to natural laws. Socionics has opened these laws. It
explains, how the mentality of the person is arranged and describes its
structure, opens laws of interpersonal interactions. It is explained according
to the law of structure of mentality of the person, the law of mental
compatibility, the law of socion and the socion organization in a society,
according to natural interactions with a society.
Why do sciences about the person are in state of stagnation,
confusion as if are tired out in a boondocks of feebleness? It occures because a
basis of development of these sciences were positivism - a recognition of
reliability of any knowledge and empiricism - occurrence of theories on the
basis of observation, experiences and collected facts. And as the person and a
society is the many-sided, ambiguous and complex phenomenon, an actual material
and a conclusion on its basis might be incomplete, but there were maid
generalizations which did not explain others, even the similar phenomena. Such
observations, conclusions and theories has collected too much, and it has
resulted only in chaos and confusion among researchers and scientists. The
theories which have been not checked up in practice, continue to exist, bringing
dissociation, turmoil, mess because in confusion of huge amount of ideas,
theories and systems the true is lost.
It is hard to overestimate what can make socionics for these
sciences. As socionics has opened essence of the person that proves to be true
by practical results, it may become that nucleus, or litmus which will check up
and order all other ideas and will bring precise system to all sciences about
the person. Erroneous ideas and theories will be cast away, as impractical, and
others will get a practicality. Socionics can give the practical tool for
research of a social reality. It comes from objective interest : shows a root -
essence of the person, and all another - how the person operates in a society,
depends on sources - his mentality, you see activity of mentality motivates
behaviour. The mentality is a basis, a society is a superstructure - the result
of action and interaction of mentalities of people. Therefore investigating a
society, it is necessary to know the bases, further causes and effects of
everything that occurs in a society are opened through knowledge of socionic
laws. It is necessary only to put sciences about the person and a society from a
head on legs in order to eliminate unnecessary, to turn outlook of scientists,
to give a push for development in a correct direction of all sciences.
From time to time there is a need for revolutionary changes
for creation of new quality. Involution is necessary, as well as evolution.
Destruction of forms which became already dead shell and liberation of force
which they keep is valuable, as well as creation of new forms. (D.Radjar).
The philosophy searches for universal laws of interrelation
of the person and the World, the psychology investigates persons as a universal
phenomenon of a nature, the pedagogics searches ways of becoming and development
of the personality, the sociology investigates a society. And in addition
sociology tries to explain how the person is arranged and cooperates with a
society. These are attempts to unite different ideas at different methodological
approaches. All over the world sciences revolve because of crisis of classical
methodology: it is impossible to put in order huge data files. And the authority
of sciences about the person falls.
In a basis of socionics is the theory of an information
metabolism - perception, processing and an exchange of the information. It can
be taken as a basis of methodology of other sciences, as integrated methodology
in any science. So, in sociology it is a lot of theories of an exchange, but
practically only the socionic one proves to be true. Why do sociologists do not
take it on arms? Laws of socionics will give a new cognitive and tool pulse. All
sciences about the person demand knowledge of socionics. The world shouts about
approach to the person. In all spheres of life everybody aspire to humanization.
Therefore it is necessary to unite efforts of experts for entering sensible
breath as common sense in essence of sciences about the person.
Socionics, not rejecting achievements of other sciences about
the person, can help them to develop.
Socionics for philosophy
In philosophy the two basic concepts are differentiated, as
two contrasts: the world material and spiritual. The polemic in a question, what
is primarily: material or spiritual, proceeds during centuries, you see these
concepts are opposed each other. Only in one formulation of the law “of
struggle and unite of contrasts” the contradiction lays. Contrasts act not in
struggle, but in interaction. Everything is interdependent in a nature: all
phenomena, evrything real in the world are connected among themselves, and all
processes mutual influent on each other.
The person is a binding essence between spiritual and
material, sense of his life, his mission on the Earth is to be improved itself
and to improve life and an environment. Those people who aspire to this and can
realize themselves, receive the new information with the purpose of its
transformation and transfer by another for progress of mankind. Duality
strengthens these opportunities of people. And socion is in general
inexhaustible power-information potential in a society.
When scientists will manage to glance on that side of
material aspect of a reality, they will seize a true science. For now scientists
are still from the outside the present science, they are near it. Step by step
opening in a science approach mankind to true, which essence in synthesis of
knowledge concerning material and a spiritual world.
The philosophy is a theoretical nucleus of any outlook. The
outlook in philosophy is treated as the certain system, integrity of knowledge,
principles, sights, ideals, values, habits, the attitude to the world. The
outlook is that which makes a person independent, complete, helps to become the
personality. But it is noticed, that people have different outlooks, and not in
vain there is a pluralism of opinions, sights and directions in philosophy.
Socionics has precisely determined, that there are only 16 constant outlooks,
inherent in any of 16 socionic personality types which include the certain
constant valuable orientations, principles, the ideals, the certain system of
outlook and the attitude to the world. The knowledge of the socionic personality
type and development of the strong mental qualities conducts to becoming and the
statement of the personality.
In philosophy person is considered as integrity in which
there is everything for life. It is considered, that it is impossible to
estimate advantages without lacks with which the psychology aspires to struggle.
Struggle against lacks is artificial and has no results, you see nothing stops
and does not break in a nature. It is impossible to have integrity to be itself
without lacks. Socionics opens for each concrete person his lacks as weak mental
qualities, gives knowledge, which are these qualities and how to not use them to
enable to open and use own strong qualities of mentality more full.
Examining correlation of person and the world, the philosophy
considers a person, as the uniform essence allocated consciousness due to which
he spiritualizes the world. The consciousness is given the person as necessity
of his existence and a survival in the world. The consciousness is that reality
which bears to the person freedom, and this mechanism is incorporated in the
person from birth.
The consciousness is a process of thinking, and in the
greater measure it is a process of comprehension of own life and its values. It
is a process of a meeting with sense of the life. And sense of the life of the
person is to become and be itself, it means to find itself such what you are in
depth of the soul and to learn courage and resistance to remain itself in all
life situations. “It is extremely, incredibly difficultly, - the philosophy
considers, - but it is possible. Every concrete step is a realization of the
general sense of life. If you realize the general, i.e. find youself, you
realizes also all concrete affairs.
Socionics will help with searches of own abilities and
opportunities, it gives a real opportunity to find and become yourself. In
philosophy therefore it is considered incredibly difficult a process of a
finding and self-realization of yourself, as there is no such knowledge which
has opened socionics. It is known, that everything ingenious is simple. And all
complexities in life arise on ignorance. Is it difficult: to determine the
socionic personality type, to know the own strong and weak sides, to orient, in
which kinds of activity it is possible to realize yourself in the best way and
what of them it is better to avoid? The congenital potential is an essence and
depth of a soul, and skill to use only strengths is a skill to remain yourself
in all life situations.
The philosophy induces a person to reflect about the sense of
the life, how the world is arranged and about a place of the person in, to
exchange opinions, different outlooks, to discuss, to enter polemic; all this in
general is the original form of dialogue which may result simply in increase of
a level of erudition, but often to an exhaustion. Socionics gives the real help
in life, it is the tool to actions, and at the same time enables substantial,
pleasant dialogue due to power rise and mental satisfaction of all needs of
In philosophy the personality considers the person who has
learnt itself and the world and is able to live in it. But if the person has
come in this world – his task is to make it better. What is the sense of his
life then? The person who has learnt itself and the world, is passive in the
attitude to it. Among alive essences the person is a single one who has ability
to think, analyze, create, and his task is to realize this ability. Sense of the
life is in creativity. To find the calling, to realize the talent in creative
work - for this purpose we come in the world. The personality is that person who
creates. It is socionics, which helps to find the calling. The knowledge of its
laws will warn of a wrong choice of a trade and the person for family life. The
knowledge of socionic personality types of familiars will help to do with their
help correct elections in any life situations. Skill to determine personality
types will help to find people on the needs independently, those who can satisfy
those or other needs which constantly arise during life.
Having no knowledge of laws of information interaction
between people, the philosophy searches for a joy in a private world of the
person. But recognizes, that each person understands his secret, intrinsic, deep
connections with people who are as if make from one paste, are spiritually
close, bring in our life not a destructive, but vital relations. If we should
search for something, we should search only ourselves and also those people who
help us to open ourself, those people who induce us to search, whom it is easy
with. Relationships with them are eternal and boundless. But philosophy does not
give knowledge, who are such people. People who bring destruction, spiritual
death in our life, destroy desires and interests, supervise, limit freedom,
oppress us, we should leave. But before to leave such people, it is necessary to
pass through all these sufferings. Definition of socionic personality types and
observance of laws of information interactions through disclosing of natural
relationships will enable people to avoid disorders of destructive
relationships, to find the close person, relationship with whom lead to mutual
development and harmony, pleasant and substantial dialogue and mutual aid in all
questions, in wide understanding of this word. It is only relationship of
Each person selects an own way in life and his surrounding
Socionics for sociology
The sociology studies social structures, but thus it is
necessary to remember, that there are people who form them, who act actively,
can change positions of the separate interconnected parts of structure, a level
of restriction of behaviour and a degree of freedom of each part, and also
character of mutual relation separate compounds as a result of the common
actions. So, the social structure is the alive system dependent on a condition
of parts which enter into it, and being united, influence its functioning.
Therefore studying of structures should be started from studying of a person.
Sociologists address with the help to psychology but it is socionics which can
help them essentially as it gives complete knowledge of a person.
The sociological point of view concerning natural essence of
the person tears him off from nature and puts him in full dependence on a
society in which he is. Therefor biological needs and biological (age, sexual
and other) features of the person, his natural inclinations and abilities,
physical development, a state of health, a heredity are not taken into account.
At the same time there are exaggerated or even absolutised those human gualities
which are determined by a social origin of the person, his belonging to any
group, a party or a class, his trade, belief, education. In this connection the
person is quite often considered as if any abstract or veiled essence which is
determined by these or those social groups, by classes and communities,
“dissolving” in them, or reduced only to his social functions - versions of
If to understanding the person in such way it is possible to
make wrong conclusions. For example, the thought that each separate person has a
less value in compare with a society or with any human community, to which he
belong. Or, that any person can be made which it is necessary, changing only
public conditions of his life. Or, eventually, that it is possible to teach and
bring up different people by the same methods, without consideration individual
Sociological theories have the beginning from the American
society and have arisen from social philosophy and psychologists, were based on
observations and generalizations which gave knowledge of laws of behaviour of
people. Unfortunately, socionics has appeared much later and only at the present
stage offers sociology to use the properties for the decision of one of the
central problems - a problem of studying of the person, his interactions in a
Why does just this problem is one of central? Because each
sociologist for understanding of essence of the social phenomena, systems of
interrelations of people in a society should understand, that the mental laws
opened by socionics are driving force in acts of each concrete person. The
individual behaviour represents the basic understanding of life of all social
group or a society.
In sociology it is considered, that the person is one of
phenomena, which is hardly to determine unequivocally at once. There are two
opposite sights on his development. From the point of view of one, each person
is formed and develops according to his inborn qualities and abilities, and the
social environment plays thus an insignificant role. Others completely deny
inborn internal features and abilities, considering, that the person is a
product which is completely formed by means of social experience. It is clear
that it is necessary to take into account both biological features and social
experience. But the sociology considers, that social factors of formation of the
person are more powerful.
In sociology it is considered, that a system forms people,
but not people form the system. But actually the basic element of a
system-society is the person, as unique individuality and the personality. And
the harmonious society is a result of internal harmony of each person.
The erroneous idea in sociology has arisen because it
observes and studies an oversystem, as the society without knowledge of system -
the person. That is why it tries to analyze consequences, but does not see the
reasons, directing a sight in the opposite direction: not from the person to a
society, i.e. from system to oversystem, but on the contrary, considering, that
oversystem completely regulates behaviour of system, that the society creates
the person. But the society only has influence on person who is formed and
becomes the personality, proceeding from the natural qualities under influence
of public norms.
The initial element of social structure is a social group –
a set of people, who take an identical social position or carry out one social
role. According to quantity social groups share on small (SSG) and big (ÂSG).
Big social groups consist of classes, ethnoses and nations.
It is necessary to stop on the analysis of small social
groups and how they are investigated in sociology and socionics. In sociology
the small social group considers a group where a contact between its members is
possible, its number changes in borders 35 - 100 people. Socionics proves, that
appropriate contact in such chaotically collected group will not be, it will
break up anyway to a grouping where people due to their socionic personality
types will be belong to one kvadra.
The least social group in socionics is a diada. In sociology
such group is considered as permanent conflicted, as each conflict in it is
central. The most steady least group considers a triad as each person in it will
play a role of the arbitrator between two others. And now imagine, that between
two people there is a conflict, and the third one listens from them regrets and
even still the worse - slander. What psychological and the moral atmosphere will
be between them? You see those third estimations who is right and who is guilty,
only may inflame passions in a dispute and spread discord, understanding a
situation. He is outside of situation as the observer, therefore does not know,
that those two were already explained, and even in general there was nothing
serious between them, but he having apprehended events differently, creates
“wrong telephone” through slanders, any nonsenses and insignificant things
raises gossips. Reasonably there is a proverb: “The third is unnecessary” or
“Two is company, three is not” or “Two is already many”.
The sociology tries to show also social relations and
structure of the person. But without knowledge of natural laws of mentality of
the person and information interactions, which are opened by socionics,
conclusions of sociology will be superficial and even erroneous.
For example, it examines a role behaviour of the person and
recognizes, that people carry out the majority of social roles unsuccessfully as
do not accept their matter or simply do not want to carry out them. The person
and a role which he carries out, connected by the certain psychological
characteristics which approach for performance of the certain social roles.
Socionics opens this dependence. Ignoring its laws, people feel a role pressure
and the role conflict.
The example of a role pressure is when the person carries out
under pressure of circumstances a role which does not answer neither to his
interests, no inclinations, internal installations. If the role conflict becomes
aggravated, it may result in refusal to fulfill role duties then the person
receives internal stress and departs from the given role.
And if a person were itself it would be no necessity to play
roles and adjust himself, he would be then on his own place and performance
would be quality, and there would be less problems, and life would be more
pleasant. The own role is a qualitative realization of itself according to
strengths of the socionic personality type.
The role pressure and the role conflict represent a serious
social and psychological problem. Socionics can forewarn of these phenomena. And
the society can achieve such level when a person will be itself everywhere,
realising his potential in the best way. Then the social pressure will be taken
Only that person can achieve the life success who is itself
and completely realizes himself due to strong character traits, uses the
potential without superfluous efforts and a special strain. Therefore the
self-knowledge and knowledge of others is one of formulas of life success.
‘The structure of a person” is a classical concept of sociology and social
psychology. Socionics investigates mental structure of the person and his
interrelations with surrounding, but uses other conceptual device and other
research receptions, than sociology and psychology. The person is characterized
by set of social-psychological qualities and realize himself in a system of
social and interpersonal interactions.
Is it possible to create social-psychological model of the
person? Such attempts were repeatedly carried out in psychology and sociology.
But as these sciences use the different conceptual device the models offered by
The basis of social-psychological model of the person which
is described by sociology, has such elements:
- 1. Position of the person in a society, in enterprises,
- 2. Actions of social factors: conditions, surrounding,
friends, relatives, parents.
- 3. Formation of the person, education, development,
- 4. Social activity, way of life, style of life, social role,
- 5. Needs, valuable orientations, interests, motives,
- 6. Ideal, belief, hope, love, the responsibility, freedom,
- 7. Sociological structure of the person, his spiritual world
From the list it is visible, that such conceptual device
enables to concentrate attention basically only on external factors which render
direct influence on formation of the person and on his life. But the list does
not take into account internal factors which determine a constant way of ability
to live of the person in different social systems. Therefore the traditional
sociological structure of the person does not give such model which would be
effective at classification of types. It is possible to describe by sociological
concepts only a level of development as it depends on social conditions which
the person live in and as far as how full he acquired and uses knowledge as
experience of the past generations. But an emotional sphere of the person, his
thinking and motives of behaviour are not clear.
Recently sociologists try to correct this lack and to create
typology which would take into account emotional sphere of the person, but have
not determined a basis for classification, some different classifications
therefore have appeared, any of which has not clearness and concrete
definiteness. For example: classification with such names of types:
“Creator”, “Consumer”, “Romantic”, “Lider”, “Ïîòðåáèòåëü”,
“Êîíôîðìèñò”, or “Kind man” “Humanist”, “Niggard”.
Proceeding from a plenty of classifications it is possible to come to the
conclusion that according to elected basis it is possible to create the not
limited amount classifications which would characterize this or that side of the
person, but there is not the perfect one which can characterize him
comprehensively. The problem is to find such basis which would allow to unite
all set of social-psychological properties of the person. It can not be decided
separately neither psychology no sociology. Why to not address to socionics, you
see complex qualitative knowledge occur on a joint of sciences. So, if the
sociology will take for itself practical properties of socionics, it can develop
further and have more practical results in its multiplane work.
Socionics for pedagogics
Connections of psychologies and pedagogics are mostly found
out in natural unity of training, education and development of growing
generation. Training and education are categories especially pedagogical,
development - a category physiological and psychological. The psychology
investigates results of development of the person at the certain stage and
ascertains them, socionics shows laws of development, that is why it can
correct, direct and improve it.
In history of pedagogics the concepts of development and
education were opposed one another as incompatible: or free natural development,
or education, as violence upon the person, oppression of his nature. But it is
necessary to put a question wider: not education, as formation from the outside
and violently, but a direction, the help, correct orientation of the
individuality given by nature to development of the personality. Not
self-education, but self-development, not struggle against lacks, but accent on
positive qualities. The stronger merits will florish, the further demerits will
depart and retire to the background. Each person, knowing the strong sides,
confidently may develop them and be guided by them, using in any life
The status quo of the person is to keep his own essence such
which it is. It means, that he has already brought something new in this world
from the birth, he need only to find it out and revive in an initial kind. It is
not liable to education or standard development. For this purpose it is
necessary to have the key which opens secret in a light empire life on the
Earth. Such key is socionic type. Everything what person has, demands a
favorable, fertile ground - a direction and unchained in his displays for
disclosing an own reserve, stocks which are specially kept for use them by
person in case of need performance of the intended mission, the certain task.
This task becomes obvious and clear only under conditions of knowledge of due to
disclosing a mental-genetic code - socionic personality type; communication in a
diada when harmony of relations of duality and own strengths are felt; in kvadra
- when there is a realization of own qualities; in socion - when there are used
achievements of kvadras. And for the beginning it is necessary to have the more
broad audience of familiar duals for sensation of pleasant mutual relationship,
for creation of dual families and to enable children to grow unchained and free,
and to understand better the others through the force of duality, to find the
own place among those trades which open new and new reserves to creative work.
Such is an intention of the main Law of a nature - to connect a person to the
whole - the universe. And newborn has come in our already rendered habitable
life to teach us something here. Let us listen skilfully.
But now, not knowing the individuality given by nature, the
person make experiments on itself, rushing from one extreme measure to another,
not knowing where to apply the abilities in the best way and which inclinations
Socionics gives the knowledge of own natural abilities.
Addressing with the help to socionics, the person acquires knowledge of the
natural inclinations and has an opportunity to develop them, directing in a true
channel. His opportunities are opened before him and he confidently walks a
life, avoiding mistakes, working more productive and with pleasure, feeling
happiness and sense of the life.
Private world of the child is pure, natural, not breaking by
standard morals of a society, the child is free in the displays, frank and
sincery, kind and human. Every child is bettter then any adult. The adult began
the worse under influence of life stratifications - hypocrisy of public moral,
oppression of public laws, insincerity of the public relations. Having adapted
to a society, adult ruins an own nature, a spontaneity. The children's boldness
changes by adult discretion, uncontrollable imagination – by care, frankness
– by isolation, joy – by fear before tomorrow's day, pleasure from life –
by tiredness from it. The weariness from life occurs when the person makes
violence above himself, breaking his individuality, and the nature does not
forgive infringement of its laws. As in an external world there are
environmental problems, such is violation of natural laws of development of a
private world is conducted to weariness, nervous and mental dissonances, other
For harmonious development of the personality the child
should be and grow in a healthy society - with harmonious, and comfortable
mutual relations and a sound mind directed to the person, but not on the
contrary, as it is now. Socionics opens natural mutual relations in a society,
helps to correct relationship and to create new, psychologically comfortable,
opening the laws of interpersonal interactions. Is it not a value?
Sciences about the person theoretically examine three
conditions of formation of the person: biogenetics studies his heredity,
sociogenetics and social psychology - a microhabitation, a social status and a
social heredity, pedagogics – a process of education in school and domestic
conditions. But at such complex of conditions of formation of the personality
problems of the person are not solved. A classical problem of “parents and
children” still exists, as occurrence of misunderstanding, conflicts and
contradictions between representatives of different generations. There are
obstacles in dialogue between teachers and pupils, it is a lot of conflict
situations arises between children. Such disagreements do not conduct to
harmonious development, but rather to estrangement and imperception of public
requirements. So, the requirementin to solve these problems ripes in a society,
proceeding from laws of human mentality, because needs, desires, emotions and
ideas cause acts and are motives of behaviour. Socionics gives knowledge of
inherent mental genetic code of the person, and use of its laws in pedagogics in
a complex will help to direct development of the child, taking into account
hereditary, typical (socionic) features and social conditions.
Socionics for psychology
The psychology can be considered as continuation of
philosophy, and socionics - as practical applied science which develops and
The psychology studies processes of display by the person of
an objective reality. It gets knowledge about mentality of the person, based on
results of observation of behaviour of the person and on results of various
tests which enable to draw approximate conclusions concerning isolated
characteristics of display of human mentality. As psychology opens the integral
particles of the phenomena and does not deny their existence as mental qualities
in the person, observes and their changes during the certain age period, it is
better to analyze these changes in mentality on the basis of synthesis of mental
qualities which would allow to predict mental reactions, but from a position of
knowledge of complete mental structure of the person.
For the decision of this vital task the psychology, as well
as any science, may use achivements of other sciences for its improvement, and
in this case of socionics, which has used not only knowledge of psychology but
also synthesized in itself particles of other sciences, namely: medicine,
sociology, graphology, computer science, physiognomy, demography.
The subject of psychology as well as socionics is mentality
of the person and its supreme form - consciousness. The main difference of these
sciences is in a subject of studying and methods of processing of a material. If
a subject of socionics is a socionic personality type, a subject of psychology
is a phenotype. If socionics finds the real individual differences, the
psychology investigates approximation or a deviation from certain norms, which
are established on unknown basis.
The psychology proclaims, that display of the reality by the
person occures with the help of a brain, and mentality is the product of a
brain, which created only by external conditions. But the mentality is not a
product of a brain, is a soul of the person which synthesizes perception of the
validity displayed by a brain (externally) and perception of display of inborn
qualities of mentality (internally).
Psychologists feel imperfection of methods which are in their
arsenal, and have a precept “if you can not help it is better to do no harm”
as deal with a thin matter of human mentality of a person – the most complex
system in the world which is not clear to them. You see the person is the most
complicated system and it is necessary to study it in a complex, integrating
knowledge of many sciences which study a person. Any psychological consultation
will be carried out qualitatively only in that case if the psychologist will
know the socionic personality type of a person, people of which personality
types this person works with, supports amicable and intimate communications, -
only then it is possible to carry out constructive analytical conversation,
without regrets, and with the decision of problems.
As psychologists do not own knowledge of socionics, they
advise to correct own behaviour through knowledge of social norms and
strong-willed efforts of self-checking. But it does not help, rather on the
contrary, people feel violence on own person. And in stressful situations
self-checking is completely lost, the person lose control above itself and
operates spontaneously. Such spontaneous unguided actions meaningly depend on
displays of socionic personality type. Knowing reactions of own mentality which
display according to personality type, it is possible to foresee the actions in
these or those situations and to know, how others will act, knowing their
personality types. If to realize itself behind strong qualities, necessity for
self-control disappears, the person operates naturally, free in the own
displays, sure and satisfied with itself and life. Such people are positively
perceived by others.
Psychology discovers mutual relations between separate
members in groups, such as business and interpersonal. Much value is given to a
self-estimation of the person in a group, his demands and insistence. It is
considered, that conflicts arise in case if a level of insistence of a member of
a group is too high and does not coincide with positions of a group. Socionics
confirm that between people in groups there are 4 kinds of relations: formal,
business, amicable, family. The conflict arises not from demands or
insistence of the person, but from the natural law of compatibility of
relationships. Conflict not always may occure in any natural relationships. The
essence of them is, that the person must knew, what mental qualities has
addition and approachement with others and which is not, and knew thus, at what
relations it is necessary to keep a certain distance in order to perceive and
hear each other correctly. Infringement of this distance is the beginning of
gradual development of the conflict. Full addition and association of people
exists only in relations of duality, where there is no need to adjust distance
which is determined naturally and does not influence negatively on interaction.
Whether thus the person can confidently prove or convince his sights.
Swiss psychologist of Õ²Õ-th century Charles Gustav Jung
wrote: “I has understood, that from chaos of modern psychology it is
impossible to extract precise criteria - they just should be created, and not
from air, but on the basis of invaluable works of predecessors”. So,
development of psychology has naturally resulted in opening harmonous laws of
socionics, which are able to open practically exactly the mental qualities of
each person incorporated in him by nature and even to predict his relationships
with others. Individual experience at public interactions gives stratification
of separate character traits, but perception and estimation internal and an
external world, given from birth is constant. Certainly, a persons changes
during life - his habits change, the behaviour, interests, in a word, character
becomes another. But only character changes, not the socionic personality type.
Education may give type of some pecularities, weaken or strengthen certain
features. It is possible to give opportunity to reveal type or to depress it,
but it is impossible to change personality type.
Psychologists, using tests, show the person’s character
which changes during life, according to conditions of private life and a social
status of a society.
Socionic specialists, who use tests at definition of
personality type can be compared with doctors who instead of diagnosing the
patient, offer him to define the illness on semiology. So, the unique true are
techniques of physiognomy which precisely show inborn character, i.e. socionic
personality type which is constant. Psychologists search the bridge between
mental and biological, techniques of physiognomy show and use this bridge.
To analyse features of mental processes and to give the
psychological help it is necessary to determine a basis of a structure of
mentality and ways of its interaction with an environment, i.e. individual
methods of perception and processing of the information through definition of
socionic personality type. The knowledge of personality type enables to know
laws of a course of mental processes and to foresee probable reaction in
different situations, to define temperament correctly and tendencies to a level
of a self-estimation etc. Knowing these bases, it is possible to work on
definition and correction of other mental qualities: degrees of development of
imagination, memory, figurative thinking, perception, will, - all those
qualities which psychology investigates . Socionics shows law of features
functioning of mental qualities of any personality type, whereas the psychology
shows a level of development of separate quality (without interference and
interrelation). Socionics opens the reasons and predicts consequences, the
psychology shows result - a condition of mentality on this or that moment, not
opening dynamics of development through connection of cause and effect.
So, socionics gives base to psychology, directs and unites
isolated knowledge, coordinating them and giving the complete information about
Scientists who aspire the truth, address to socionics, then you
will give a practicality in those areas of a science which you develop.