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Practical research work held by experts-socionics

among pupils of 1-st classes and the pedagogical staff of the Kiev school №304.

Theme: a subject orientation and early vocational guidance.

Aim: disclosing of congenital qualities of character, abilities and opportunities of pupils, and also natural relationships between the teacher and the pupil, parents and children through definition of socionic personality types of teachers, pupils and their parents. A direction of attention of parents and teachers on individuality of pupils, their congenital mental qualities. Formation of psychologically comfortable classes for increase of school results. Revealing of natural relations in family for understanding of behaviour of pupils and realization of an individual approach. Granting of a subject orientation to pupils and their orientation on area of trades due to natural abilities.

Uniqueness of work: teaching and educational process at school №304 has a direction on early vocational guidance of pupils which provides subject differentiation of training.

Definition of socionic personality types of pupils, parents and teachers creates preconditions for:
1) Use the congenital potential of pupils both during training and at a choice of a trade,
2) Effective training and maintenance of mutual understanding between pupils and teachers, between parents and children.

The urgency of work is is caused by needs of pupils, their parents and teachers. The psychologically comfortable group formed under laws of mental compatibility and social orientation, is able-bodied, any interactions in it, both at training and during leasure are effective. Such class-group creates the uniform ideologically directed group with sensation of a family cosiness where exists mutual support and mutual aid. In such class all conditions for full realization of skills of the teacher are naturally created, the climate of mutual respect is established, pupils behave freely and do not get tired, attend school with pleasure. They have desire to be together as much time as possible. Such optimum generated class is really amicable, healthy group, where success and discipline considerably raises.

For achievement of this purpose the socionic personality types of pupils and teachers are determined, classes according to the scientific organization of groups are formed and is appointed the teacher whose is mentally compatible for all pupils of a class. It raises efficiency an educational process due to correct perception and understanding of a material which is taught by mentally compatible teacher, and it is much easier, free and more pleasant for the teacher, to work in the "close" class - he can realize his skills in full force and give pupils more knowledge and will have a real feedback - fast and qualitative mastering of knowledge.

Thus it is possible to increase volume of a teaching material with simultaneous increase of a level of it leaning. Loading on mentality of pupils and teachers is reduced due to use of the strong mental sides and optimum training weak ones. Application of socionic technologies enables to intensify a process of training at more full development of the personality of pupils.

For harmonization of relationships between pupils and for the psychological help to the pupils who need it, the family climate is diagnosed at definition of socionic personality types of members of family and the analysis of influence of natural relationships on the child.

Teachers demand knowledge, why pupils have different behaviour in different situations, how the family microclimate influences pupils, how to carry out in practice an individual approach to each pupil. Time has come to refuse a stereotype of social norms, that all children should be active, diligent, obedient, attentive that accepted only an thoughts of adults, not having the own ones. It is time to support independence, self-respect and positive displays of the personality in pupils.

Object: teachers of the first forms, pupils, their parents and members of families.

Subject: practical use of the laws of socionics and socionic technologies in disclosure of an inherent potential of the pupils and the teachers, relations between pupils and the teacher, influences of a family climate on behaviour and success of pupils.

The subject orientation and early vocational guidance will allow pupils to choose clubs of interests, to be engaged in own business, to prepare themselves for a choice of the future trade.

Problems on which decision this work is directed:
1. Impossibility of pupils in the certain cases to satisfy requirements of teachers.
2. Difficulty of self-expression of pupils, their individual development and the creative approach to educational process.
3. Inadequate perception of the information and misunderstanding during dialogue.
4. Formation of an uncomfortable climate in class groups.
5. Impossibility in realisation of a natural potential because of subject specialization which does not answer inborn inclinations.
6. Mismatch of natural traits of the person to a selected profession.
7. Discontent, irritation, mental dissonances.
8. Obstacles to becoming of the personality and its self-realization in a society.

To solve these problems it is possible through definition of socionic personality types and displays of pupils according to their individuality.

New conditions of training will give advantage to pupils in:

1) Understanding of requirements of the teacher;
2) Easy and correct perception of a teaching material;
3) Orientations of pupils to subjects;
4) Strengthening of potential opportunities of each pupil;
5) Stimulations of training;
6) Improvement both mental and a physical state of health;
7) Avoidance of mental-physical tiredness during lessons;
8) Definition of an orientation on subjects, a trade.

Pupils will communicate between themselves freely, without quarrels and insults and understand each other, and in the future it will help them to avoid disputed situations, and transfer sensation of pleasant mutual relationships to personal adult life.

The knowledge of opportunities of the child will help parents and teachers to choose subjects which they will learn easily. Knowing features of character, it is possible to influence the child effectively and correctly direct him. Definition of socionic personality type allows to open and show individuality and to develop the personality.

The knowledge of socionic personality types of pupils, their congenital characteristic qualities will help teachers and parents within all years of training in school to avoid superfluous problems, efforts, alarms, not only at training, at a choice of a trade or enter into an educational institution, but also in harmonization of mutual relation, debugging of mutual understanding, in finding of an individual approach to each of pupils.

At realization of this work it is opened also the socionic personality type of supplementing person that will enable in the future to not make mistakes in a choice of friends, partners, the partner in life.

The knowledge of socionic personality types of pupils, teachers and parents enables:

1. To open individuality and to direct to a concrete kind of activity in any trade.
2. To open laws of relations for harmonious interactions with others.
3. To choose the partner in life.
4. To receive in the long term workplaces, to find duals.
 
Task:
1. Definition of socionic personality types of pupils, parents and teachers.
2. Disclosing congenital qualities of character, temperament and opportunities.
3. Revealing the tendency to understating or overestimate of a self-estimation.
4. A direction of pupils to the certain subjects and kinds of activity in different spheres of trades.
5. Granting to parents of knowledge about personality type of the person supplementing for their child.
6. Revealing interpersonal relationships in family.
7. Disclosing perception the family by the child and his attitude to it.
8. Definition of interpersonal relationships between the teacher and each pupil. 

Benefit of work:

For pupils:
1) In comfortable class-group pupils will understand and acquire better a teaching material;
2) The favorable moral atmosphere will sanitate and to raise progress;
3) The weariness will be removed due to increase the interest to training;
4) Pupils will choose correctly subjects and a trade;
5) Pupils will orient correctly the life;
6) Pupils will make less mistakes in life;
7) Pupils will become more self-assured, independent;
8) They will have an own position, can achieve the best results;
9) Pupuils will choose correctly the partner in life;
10) Pupils will keep health due to creation of a comfortable climate in family and in working group.
 
For teachers:
1) Teachers will know character of pupils that will facilitate an individual approach;
2) They will correct requirements to pupils and will direct them to the certain subjects;
3) Teachers will know interpersonal relationships between the teacher and pupils and the pupils;
4) Teachers will assist improvement of class groups;
5) Teachers can adjust communications with parents better;
6) They will acquaint parents with features of character of their children.
 
For parents:
1) Parents will know characteristic qualities of children;
2) They will understand the reasons of these or those displays;
3) Parents will direct their children correctly at education;
4) The family microclimate will be improved through correction of relationships.

Technology of research Tab. 1

The organization of research

Term of performance of work

1. The conclusion of the contract with the principal of Kiev school №304.

For 5 years

2. Work with the pedagogical personnel - theoretical and practical lessons, definition of socionic personality type

3 days

3. Lectures for parents

2 days

4. Definition of socionic personality types of pupils (disclosing of individuality)

14 days

5. Revealing interpersonal relationships

3 days

6. Distribution of documents:

  1. the Certificate about socionic personality type;
  2. a general characteristic of socionic personality type;
  3. a subject orientation;
  4. the characteristic of orientation to a trade on natural abilities;
  5. the description of relationships between the teacher and each pupil and between pupils

2 days

6. Simplification of a choice of the future partner in life - putting the data into Socionic Dating Agency for search for supplementing people

Constantly

Consultations, correction of mutual relationships

Constantly

 Theoretical - practical lessons include: two lectures for the parents, two - for teachers.

At the first lecture experts explaine for parents the essence and the basic concepts of socionics, the practical profit of usage of this science in life of each person. On examples it is shown, how operate practically socionic technologies through disclosing of prominent features of interested persons from an audience and the description of action of relationships between concrete persons.

The second lecture is final. There a conversation with an audience takes place: having received the documents and having acquainted with the characteristics, parents ask, express the opinion concerning concurrence of the given information to personal vision of children, are convinced of the validity of characteristics. Parents receive the additional information on socionics and answers to questions which interest them. Besides recommendations for education are given, because knowing characteristic of natural features of children, parents can develop their abilities and direct children according to their needs and opportunities. The correct attitude to the children and adequacy of requirements to their natural inclinations improve a mental condition of the child and the common family microclimate.

During theoretical-practical studies with pedagogical staff the similar knowledge are given: definition of socionic personality types of teachers, congenital potential of any teacher is opened orally, describing the basic character traits and features of their display are described, the possibilities of the person in certain kinds of activity. The practical benefit of such work for the teachers is in knowledge of their own possibilities, knowledge of objective relationships, which arise between them and each of the pupil, and all these allow to make an individual approach both during lessons as well as in other time.

Teachers receive short characteristics of strong qualities of pupils to differentiate a teaching material, taking into account propensities of pupils to this or that subject. And also the description of all natural relationships to know displays of relations with every pupil and to take it into account.

The links with the teachers, pupils and parents are maintained permanently, the consultings are carried out.

During the definition of personality types of pupils is held the short conversation on a free theme with any of future pupil, in the meantime other children draw on a theme "My family".

The administrations and pedagogical staff are given such documents:
1) Certificate about definition of a socionic personality type;
2) Total characteristic of a socionic personality type;
3) The list of the pupils of the certain form (in the list the socionic personality type of the pupils, interpersonal relationships between the pupils and the teacher, self-rating, temperament, directivity to an educational subjects and trade are indicated).
4) Short characteristics of pupils according to their socionic personality types;
5) The description of displays of natural relationships.
 
Parents are given such documents on their children:
1) The Certificate about socionic personality type in which it is specified the personality type of supplementing person;
2) A general characteristic of congenital qualities of character;
3) The list of school subjects on which it is necessary to accent attention;
4) The short characteristic of professional ability;
 
Other materials under the order:
1) The brief characteristic;
2) The full characteristic of strong natural features and professional ability;
3) The characteristic of strong and weak mental features with recomendation of how to behave;
4) Correction of relationships between members of family.

During this work and after finishing it the further consultations are given.

Conclusions

58 pupils and 5 teachers have passed the diagnostic. Unfortunately, it is not the whole contingent of first-graders of school №304. The reason is that the administration of school has given the offer to explain independently to parents the purpose of work which essence consist in formation mentally compatible classes with assignment the teacher who is be born conducting the given group according to his socionic personality type. But parents were told, that work is directed only on revealing of natural inclinations of their children for subject and vocational counselling. Parents were not put in a duty to determine socionic personality types, they have agreed to diagnose children voluntary. And as they did not know the basic purpose of realization of diagnostics, and what advantage their children will have at studying, that, clearly, what not all parents have taken part in this work. And the administration has transferred performance of work since May on the end of August, having submitted lists of already formed classes.

At final lecture during parental meeting, having received deeper and detailed information from experts of Centre of Socionics, parents have brought attention to the reasonable question: "Why have not formed classes under laws of mental compatibility?" And the answer they have found themselves: "Classes were formed, selecting more prepared children for exclusive teachers".

But, if some teachers were not guided by out-of-date methods of psychology, and knew, that in classes where pupils on a level of intellectual development were selected, their qualitative preparation is kept only temporarily as development of children quickly varies, and those pupils who considered "weak", in due course show good results in studying, and "strong" thus can have lower progress, probably, would not began to facilitate to themselves work initially and to complicate the future problems which naturally arise in incompatible groups. In addition, knowledge and skills up to school is not criterion of a natural mental potential of pupils: some children were prepared for school, another were not.

Practice just confirms, that the class which formed, for example, from "weak" pupils approximately for half-year becomes on the structure is the same, as that, which is formed from "strong" and "weak" pupils. Usual, normal dynamic development. From this the conclusion arises, that classes constantly should be reformed. But try to convince parents as it was at interview, that their child has written down in "fools". So, there is other exit, practically and scientifically proved.

Work of Centre of Socionics on formation of comfortable groups confirms, that mentally compatible pupils quickly develop, help each other. This is promoted by easy fast mutual understanding and a power saturation.

Results of diagnostics Tab.2

Socionic personality type

Amount of representatives

Kvadra

 

Among pupils

Among teachers

I

Intuitive-logic extravert (ILE, ENTP)

7

1

 

Sensory-ethic introvert (SEI, ISFP)

1

-

 

Logic-intuitive introvert (LII, INTJ)

2

-

 

Ethic-sensory extravert (ESE, ESFJ)

8

1

II

Ethic-intuitive extravert (EIE, ENFJ)

2

-

 

Logic-sensory introvert (LSI, ISTJ)

1

-

 

Intuitive-ethic introvert (IEI, INFP)

2

-

 

Sensory-logic extravert (SLE, ESTP)

3

-

III

Logic-intuitive extravert (LIE, ENTJ)

-

-

 

Ethic-sensory introvert (ESI, ISFJ)

2

-

 

Intuitive-logic introvert (ILI, INTP)

10

-

 

Sensory-ethic extravert (SEE, ESFP)

2

1

IV

Intuitive-ethic extravert (IEE, ENFP)

6

-

 

Sensory-logic introvert (SLI, ISTP)

4

1

 

Ethic-intuitive introvert (EII, INFJ)

2

-

 

Logic-sensory extravert (LSE, ESTJ)

6

1

 

In total:

58

5

 

In first kvadra

18

2

 

In second kvadra

8

-

 

In third kvadra:

14

1

 

In fourth kvadra:

18

2

 The analysis of results of investigation shows, that both among pupils and among teachers the most of all are representatives of IV-th kvadra. It is possible to explain.

Under the law of cyclic development of a society our time is transitive from the third kvadra to the fourth one. At the present stage the third kvadra occupies more positions, but time of it activity comes nearer up to the end, and the urgency of forth kvadra grows. Quite naturally, that among rising generation most of all representatives of the fourth and the first kvadras, as conductors of new ideas in a society.

It is early to make generalization proceeding of amount of 58 pupils, it is possible to see an approximate picture of a condition of rate of certain socionic types in a class, school, in a society. For reception of more objective conclusions it is necessary to do obligatory diagnostics of all pupils of school, but better the several schools. But we need investions, you see not all parents understand necessity for children of such work to pay for it.

On the basis of diagnostics of parents it is possible to draw a conclusion on a condition of families in our society. There are more dual and identical families: dual - 24,6 % identical - 16 %. If to compare these data to the statistical data of families more senior generation where identical families prevail, it is possible to draw a pleasant conclusion, that the society is natural sanitate and comes to life: the amount of dual families is increased, it is obvious because people became more unchained, free in own displays, feel their needs, do not search for easy ways in life, and a choice, probably, has extended, there were more opportunities for meetings and acquaintances.

The principal of school №304, understanding utility of work, offered to reform the first classes to generate even one experimental class, but teachers have protested. Some of parents were not consent to reform classes, motivating that children for one month have got used to the teacher and to classmates, and changes can cause them stress.

But the principal has firmly decided to declare the next year earlier reception of children to school to determine socionic types of all children who will study and to start to form the first classes under laws of mental compatibility. And classes where are already determined socionic types of pupils and are known interpersonal relationships, will be control groups to have a cut for comparison of a psychological climate and a level of progress in mentally compatible groups and in the classes formed chaotically. Separately it will be possible to compare a level of success in a class where pupils were selected as more prepared, "strong" children, and among pupils of classes where the level of knowledge was not the basic criterion, but which were formed on a basis of mental compatibility. So, time will show a practicality of laws of socionics and utility of their observance.

Such work still anywhere and nobody was carried out, and what school will start to introduce technologies of Centre of Socionics earlier will be favourable differ among others. It is a pity that such work at school № 304 is done only in half. Instead of mentally compatible classes the teachers have received recommendations as it is better to seat at the desks of pupils to be friends among themselves to make communicating easy and pleasant for them, to make them understand each other and help in study.

The work on a basis of socionic technologies has shown, that teachers have felt quality of the information, given in characteristics as it coincided with their personal character. The attitude to themselves and to pupils has changed, there was a new attitude to work, the approach to educational process in the positive side has changed.

Characteristics enable parents to direct correctly children in a choice of subjects, trades, friends, the person for creation of the future harmonious family. 

 

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