Structure of Mentality
The person from birth has all qualities, which are necessary
for life and have their
characteristics, each of which set the definite place and define it essence. It
allows to be organicaly bound with the nature and to be able to function for
survival in any conditions, to solve problems. The person has enough freedom to
resist, to not make an error in difficult minute. If you will know yourself you
will know how to behave, will find the most optimal solution in any situation.
The mentality has strengths - the basic sides, and weak sides
– auxiliary ones. Therefore it is necessary to know your socionic personality
type to know, what mental qualities are the basic and what of them are only
auxiliary, and react correctly in all life situations, using only strong sides,
and to concern attentively to weak ones to accumulate the necessary information
for normal behaviour.
Each quality is a part of the structure of mentality. These
qualities are shortly depicted separately.
Rationality and irrationality are two different
methods of operatings and two different reactings to variations in an
environment. Irrational types are motivated into activity by the changes in a
situation. Rationality ones are motivated into activity by their decisions.
Extravertion and introvertion are two different
methods of perception and working up an information from an environment and
accordingly they are two different methods of reacting on identical
circumstances. Extraverts are directed towards the objective world whereas
introverts are directed towards the subjective world and relationships.
These 4 qualities make a pivot, basis of mentality.
Logic (thinking) and ethic (feeling),
sensory (sensing) and
intuition construct a frame of mental structure of a person, are individual
characteristic qualities, the result of development which influences mood,
The socionic personality type define the set of definite
qualities in a person, which are inborned.
Temperament is an integral part of each socionic personality
type such which is also innate and invariable. Mental processes, such as:
emotional, willed, cognitive (perception, imagination, method of remembering)
are formed depending on a socionic personality type. Mental condition (activity,
passivity, fatigability, excitement, irritation) and self-rating depend on
environment, in which the person is.
The information about an internal state and exterior world
reflected by mentality is worked up by a brain through process of thinking due
to a reason, concept, opinion. The brain perceives, interpretes the information
from an environment, compares to the internal program of mentality depending on
a socionic personality type. The result is reverted to mentality. Thus there is
a process, which can be compared to operation of an operator on a computer:
mentality is an operator, brain is a computer.
Symbols of mental qualities according to structure of
mentality on model of Aushra Augustinavichute are: sensory - S, intuitive - I,
ethic - E, logic - L, extravert - E introvert - I.
Conventional signs of types according to typology on the
Mayers-Briggs Detecting Instrument of types: rational - J (Judging), irrational
- P (Perceiving), extravert - Е (Extravert), интроверт - I
(Introvert), logical - Т (Thinking), ethical - F (Feeling), intuitive - N
(Intuitive), sensory - S (Sensing).